Christchurch is a city in the province of Canterbury in the South Island of New Zealand which is often termed as probably the most English city beyond England. It's also called the Garden City since it has so many spectacular gardens. The metropolis area contains a population of just under 400 000, making it the second largest city in New Zealand after Auckland. The Avon River passes via the center of the city with numerous parks found along its banks with Hagley Park being a central characteristic of Christchurch. At the centre of the city is Cathedral Square having the landmark Anglican cathedral which happens to be presently being repaired following earthquake deterioration.
The farming and agricultural industry is the economic root of Christchurch and the bulk of the first industry there was designed to support this. Travel and leisure is now another important factor for the local economy, with the city marketing themselves being a portal to the South Island featuring its exceptional surroundings, skiing and adventure tourism. It is also the gateway for the Antarctic, with the city having a long reputation of engagement in Antarctic research. There's an International Antarctic Centre that gives both base facilities along with a museum that has a visitors center. The USA Navy makes use of Christchurch Airport as being the entry stage for the primary supply option to its McMurdo as well as Scott Bases that are in Antarctica.
You can find some data that individuals first moved in the Christchurch area in about 1250. Settlement took off at the start of 1840 after the purchasing of land in what has become Riccarton by the Weller family as well as a group of European settlers guided by Herriott and McGillivray established themselves in what has become Christchurch, at the start of 1840. The Canterbury Association organized The First Four Ships to carry 792 of the Canterbury Pilgrims to Lyttelton Harbour. The ships were called were the Randolph, Charlotte Jane, Sir George Seymour, and Cressy. The Charlotte Jane arrived initially on 16 December 1850. These Canterbury Pilgrims were going to create a city around a cathedral in accordance with the framework of Christ Church in Oxford, England, and so the name of Christchurch.
Numerous significant incidents have molded Christchurch. In 1947, a fire transpired at Ballantyne's Department Store within the central city with 41 individuals were killed in a blaze that burnt down a group of properties. It's still New Zealand's worst fire catastrophe. In between September 2010 and January 2012 Christchurch had a lot of significant earthquakes with the worst happening on Tuesday 22 February 2011 with 185 people were killed and 1000s of structures falling apart or enduring severe damage. Following the disaster in excess of 1500 buildings in the city ended up being taken down, resulting in a still continuing recovery and rebuilding challenge. Christchurch did have some speedy growth after the earthquakes. On 15 March 2019, fifty one citizens were murdered during 2 terrorist episodes in the Al Noor Mosque and Linwood Islamic Centre by a white supremacist whom travelled from Australia. These terrorist violence had been described by the leader of NZ, Jacinda Ardern as "One of New Zealand's darkest days".